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Wound Healing- Definition, Types of Scars, Cure-well, and More

Wound Healing


Wound Healing, the skin is the largest organ of our body and fulfils different functions,  Maintaining the body’s integrity. Healing is a biological process with biochemical and cellular mitotic reactions, with a tendency to heal and repair ulcers and wounds.

Cutaneous scars are a mechanism for repairing skin tissues through the production of collagen fibres.

Differentiate between three types of scars physiological, Hypertrophic and Atrophic.

Physiological Scars

This type of scar is what everyone would like to have after an accident or surgery. It is a finite, flat mark that does not grow and that, in general, is not very noticeable.

Even though they are not very obvious, some are self-conscious about their appearance, and although there is no way to avoid them, they can be reduce.

It is always helpful to lubricate the wound with creams to hide them.

“What has been proven to help reduce the height of the scar by 40% is emu oil, a component that some of these ointments contain,” explains

Hypertrophic Scars

Hypertrophic scars are often confused with keloids, like these, they grow a lot and look thick and raised.

However, as the expert clarifies, unlike keloids, when this scar grows, it respects the margins of the initial wound because an excess of collagen produces at the time of wound closure, which has a significant aesthetic impact.

Weather. The treatments for this type of scar are very varied, but a multi-treatment with compression with silicone plates and intralesional corticosteroids is generally carry out.

It should be noted that the scars change over time, and after approximately two years, the final mark can be seen, so it is likely that a spot that appears to be a keloid is not and will decrease in size over time.

Atrophic Scars

Atrophic scars are characterize by having fragile skin, so much so that it appears that there is a wound that is still open since there is not much dermis left nor much subcutaneous tissue.

The above occurs because the patient lacks collagen, so this type of scar is primarily frequent in patients with connective tissue diseases or hyperlaxity.

The best way to treat these scars is through retinoid creams that stimulate collagen production or through some laser techniques.

The dermatologist recommends that if the patient has any mark that bothers him and would like to attenuate. Consult a doctor as soon as possible to start with the most appropriate treatment, depending on the type of scar he presents.


The body is a complex and remarkable machine. The healing of skin wounds is a highly complex process aim to recovering the integrity of the tissue, allowing its regeneration and restoring its functions.

The dynamic wound healing process is an excellent example, along with the right wound care products, work together to repair and replace tissue.

Target  Review normal healing processes and Chronic skin wounds and their relationship with currents endogenous. Materials and methods.

A search for articles was carrying out in different databases, which was done base on the Medical Subject Headings.

The healing cascade is divided into These Four Covering Phases.

Coagulation, Inflammation, Proliferation, and Maturation

Phase 1: Coagulation (hemostasis)

Whenever,  Coagulation, the first phase of healing, begins straightaway after the injury occurs, and the goal is to stop the bleeding.

In this phase, Overall the body activates its emergency repair system, the blood coagulation system. And forms a kind of dam to block the drainage of blood fluid. During this process, platelets contact collagen, resulting in activation and clump.

An enzyme called ‘thrombin’ sits at the centre and initiates the formation of a fibrin meshwork, strengthening the clumps of platelets to form a stable clot.

Phase 2: Inflammation (defensive phase)

While Phase 1 is primarily about coagulation, the second phase, the inflammation. ( or defensive phase, focuses on destroying bacteria and removing debris). Preparing the wound bed for new tissue growth.

Phase 3: Proliferation

The wound is cleaning , you enter Phase 3, proliferation, where the goal is to re-cover  tissue and cover the damage. It is the growth or multiplication of tissue cells. In many diseases, this is abnormal. Cancer cells are extremely prolific.

Phase 4: Maturation

Evenly, During the growth phase, the new tissue slowly gains strength and flexibility. Here, the collagen fibers reorganize, the tissue restarts and develop. Whenever  there is an overall growth in tensile strength.

Whenever, The maturation phase varies significantly from one wound to another and usually lasts from 21 days to two years.

Yes, The Wound healing process is remarkable and complex, body works wonderfully to heal and replace devitalized tissue. Whenever, susceptible to interruptions due to local and systemic factors, including moisture, infection, and age, nutritional status, body type.


However, Wound Healing, it is the repair of damage to fibrous tissue through a complex biological process. Whenever, resulting from cell movement, division and protein synthesis, which generates a final product of non-functional tissue called a scar.

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